Merge (Data Management)
Combines multiple input datasets of the same data type into a single, new output dataset. This tool can combine point, line, or polygon feature classes or tables.
Use the Append tool to combine input datasets with an existing dataset.
Use this tool to combine datasets from multiple sources into a new, single output dataset. All input datasets must be of the same type. For example, several point feature classes can be merged, or several tables can be merged, but a line feature class cannot be merged with a polygon feature class.
All fields in the output dataset and the contents of those fields can be controlled using the Field Map control.
This tool will not split or alter the geometries from the input datasets. All features from the input datasets will remain intact in the output dataset, even if the features overlap. To combine, or planarize, feature geometries, use the Union tool.
If feature classes are being merged, the output dataset will be in the coordinate system of the first feature class in the Input Datasets list, unless the Output Coordinate System geoprocessing environment is set.
This tool does not support annotation feature classes. Use the Append Annotation Feature Classes tool to combine annotation feature classes.
This tool does not support raster datasets. Use the Mosaic To New Raster tool to merge multiple rasters into a new output raster.
The input datasets that will be merged together into a new output dataset. Input datasets can be point, line, or polygon feature classes or tables. The input datasets must all be of the same type.
The output dataset that will contain all combined input datasets.
Controls how the attribute fields from the input datasets are mapped and transferred to the output dataset.
You can add, rename, or delete output fields as well as set properties, such as data type and merge rule.
Merge rules allow you to specify how values from two or more input fields are merged or combined into a single output value. There are several merge rules that determine how the output field is populated with values.
You can use the ArcPy FieldMappings class to define this parameter.
The following Python window script demonstrates how to use the Merge tool.
import arcpy arcpy.env.workspace = "C:/data" arcpy.Merge_management(["majorrds.shp", "Habitat_Analysis.gdb/futrds"], "C:/output/Output.gdb/allroads")
Use the Merge tool to move features from two street feature classes into a single dataset.
# Name: Merge.py # Description: Use Merge tool to move features from two street # feature classes into a single dataset with field mapping # import system modules import arcpy from arcpy import env # Set environment settings env.workspace = "C:/data" # Street feature classes to be merged oldStreets = "majorrds.shp" newStreets = "Habitat_Analysis.gdb/futrds" # Create FieldMappings object to manage merge output fields fieldMappings = arcpy.FieldMappings() # Add all fields from both oldStreets and newStreets fieldMappings.addTable(oldStreets) fieldMappings.addTable(newStreets) # Add input fields "STREET_NAM" & "NM" into new output field fldMap_streetName = arcpy.FieldMap() fldMap_streetName.addInputField(oldStreets,"STREET_NAM") fldMap_streetName.addInputField(newStreets,"NM") # Set name of new output field "Street_Name" streetName = fldMap_streetName.outputField streetName.name = "Street_Name" fldMap_streetName.outputField = streetName # Add output field to field mappings object fieldMappings.addFieldMap(fldMap_streetName) # Add input fields "CLASS" & "IFC" into new output field fldMap_streetClass = arcpy.FieldMap() fldMap_streetClass.addInputField(oldStreets,"CLASS") fldMap_streetClass.addInputField(newStreets,"IFC") # Set name of new output field "Street_Class" streetClass = fldMap_streetClass.outputField streetClass.name = "Street_Class" fldMap_streetClass.outputField = streetClass # Add output field to field mappings object fieldMappings.addFieldMap(fldMap_streetClass) # Remove all output fields from the field mappings, except fields "Street_Class", "Street_Name", & "Distance" for field in fieldMappings.fields: if field.name not in ["Street_Class","Street_Name","Distance"]: fieldMappings.removeFieldMap(fieldMappings.findFieldMapIndex(field.name)) # Since both oldStreets and newStreets have field "Distance", no field mapping is required # Use Merge tool to move features into single dataset uptodateStreets = "C:/output/Output.gdb/allroads" arcpy.Merge_management([oldStreets, newStreets], uptodateStreets, fieldMappings)