Understanding representation geometry logic
This topic applies to ArcGIS for Desktop Standard and ArcGIS for Desktop Advanced only.
Since geometric effects alter geometry and even, in some cases, geometry type, it is important to ensure that representation rules maintain geometric logic. Geometric effects operate sequentially. The output of one geometric effect becomes the input of the following one, so you can use a chain of geometric effects to achieve the appropriate geometry logic. Regardless of how the geometry is dynamically changed through the chain of geometric effects, the final output of the last effect must match the geometry type of the symbol layer. If a warning symbol appears on the heading of the symbol layer, there is a disconnect in the geometry logic. The symbol layer you just added doesn't have any geometry to symbolize.
Polygon geometry 
Line geometry 
Point geometry  

Fill symbol layer 
Symbolizes polygon interior 
Produces geometry logic error because there is no polygon geometry to fill 
Produces geometry logic error because there is no polygon geometry to fill 
Line symbol layer 
Symbolizes polygon outline 
Symbolizes lines 
Produces geometry logic error because there is no line geometry to draw 
Marker symbol layer 
Places markers in polygons with a marker placement style 
Places markers on lines with a marker placement style 
Places markers on points with a marker placement style 
For example, adding a fill layer to a line representation rule would generate a warning because there is no polygon geometry to fill. To repair the logic, add a linetopolygon geometric effect to either the fill layer or the global effects portion of the rule. However, the opposite scenario—adding a line symbol layer to a polygon representation rule—would not generate a warning, because the line symbol layer will symbolize the outlines of the polygon geometry.
To change input geometry 
To output geometry 
Use 
Example  

Point 
Point 



Point 
Line 



Point 
Polygon 



Line 
Point 



Line 
Line 



Line 
Polygon 



Polygon 
Point 



Polygon 
Line 



Polygon 
Polygon 

