Understanding GIS: An ArcGIS Project Workbook
explains the methods, tools, and processes needed to plan and carry
out a complete GIS analysis project.
US census geography is described in this adaptation from the topic on page 73 of Understanding GIS.
A four-part blog post describes an alternative methodology to park analysis using Esri software.
Exercise 1a: Explore the study area
Exercise 1b: Do exploratory data analysis